India’s Aluminium Consumption
The consumption of primary aluminium has risen sharply since 2005 and reached 2,100 KT by 2011. From the end of the 1980s till 2002, the consumption remained almost stagnant, around 500- 600 KT.
The main reason for this mushrooming growth after 2002 lies in the demand generated from the automobile sector, construction, electrical and packaging sectors.
India per capita consumption of aluminium continues to remain very low at around 1.3 kg as against nearly 25 to 30 kgs in the US and Europe, 15 kgs in Japan, 10 kgs in Taiwan and 3 kgs in China.
The key consumer industries in India are transportation, consumer durables, power, electrical sector, packaging and construction. From the figure we can infer power is the biggest consumer (about 44% of total) followed by infrastructure (17%) and transportation (about 10% to 12%).
However, internationally, the pattern of consumption is in favour of transportation, primarily due to large-scale aluminium consumption by the aviation space and shipping.